Taekwondo as a whole is mostly centered around kicking, so punches are not generally used in an offensive manner. Instead they are thrown from a defensive position if the opponent has gotten too close. A defensive position usually indicates a rooted base without too much movement. Therefore, punches in Taekwondo are thrown with little, if any, rotation, movement, or pivoting of the legs or feet. The power generated comes from the rotation of the upper body and the final twist of the wrist. This theory can be seen in punching drills practiced in the horse riding stance (Annun Sogi), where the upper body and arms are the instruments of movement, while the legs stay firmly rooted to one spot.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of this method?
- Steady base allowing for a quick transition towards attacking the opponent with kicks
- A solid position that allows better coping with leg kicks and allows for checks without compromising position
- A tight guard
- Discourages overextending/reaching too far to hit your opponent with your punches
- Noticeable lack of power compared to boxing technique
- Noticeable lack of speed compared to boxing technique
- Diminished reach of punch